Dungeness River Watershed                                        

2001 Milestone Restoration and Conservation Activities


Prepared by: Dungeness River Management Team




Project Name/Logistics

Project Description


Water Conservation (Irrigation Ditch Piping) Projects


Contributors:  Dungeness River Agricultural Water Users Association (WUA), Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe (JSKT) (IAC-SRFB), Clallam Conservation District (CCD), (Centennial Clean Water Fund and National Fish and Wildlife Foundation), Dungeness Irrig. DistrictCompany, Sequim-Prairie Tri Irrig. DistrictCompany, Highland Irrig. District, Agnew Irrig. District, Cline Irrig. District, Clallam IrrigDitch. Company

Contact:  Mike Jeldness, WUA, 360-683-4331, Shawn Hines, JSKT, 360-681-4664, Joe Holtrop, CCD,


Project Status:  Dungeness, Agnew, Clallam, and Cline projects are near completion.  Highland projects will be complete by April 2002.  Sequim-Prairie-Tri and Clallam projects will be complete prior to June 2002. 



As part of an on-going effort to implement recommendations from

the WUA Comprehensive Water Conservation Plan (1999), the Tribe and CCD have been active in administering grant funded projects which involve piping several miles of leaking irrigation ditches

within the Dungeness Watershed.  The CCD, with technical assistance from the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service provided engineering and design assistance for many of these projects. Primary objectives include: increasing useable salmonid habitat in the Dungeness River by improving irrigation system efficiency and thereby conserving

instream flows; and to improve habitat for salmonids by protecting water quality via lowering instream temperatures.  In some cases, irrigation districts/ companies provided much of the work

themselves, enabling implementation of several more projects than were originally projected in the grant application.  Project site

location descriptions for 2001 are available from the Tribe. 


Clallam Conservation District was awarded $87,000 by the Washington State Conservation Commission to provide technical assistance to irrigators in order to improve the efficiency of the irrigation deliver system and on-farm irrigation practices. As much as $1.5 million could be available in 2002-03 for ditch piping and other improvements.


Drought Leases


Contributors:   WUA, Department of Ecology (DOE), CCD

Contact:  Cynthia Nelson, DOE, 360-407-0276;

Mike Jeldness, WUA, 360-683-4331

Project Status:  Details are included in the 2001 Drought Response Report to the Legislature (DOE Publication # 01-11-017), a publication produced by DOE, December 2001 (see URL: http://www.ecy.wa.gov/pubs/0111017.pdf).



The DOE allocated funds for water right leases to farmers in order to keep trust water in the Dungeness River.  DOE worked with the WUA to commit more than 1,000 acres of normally irrigated land to the temporary water trust program.  Between August 1 and September 15 (the end of the irrigation season), irrigators removed approximately 20 percent of their acreage from production.  This action augmented stream flows to protect spawning salmon.  Collectively, the leased water from the Dungeness River corresponded to about 460 acre-feet.



Real-Time Monitoring on Dungeness Irrigation Diversions


Contributors:  WUA, DOE

Contact: Lyn Coleman, DOE, 360-407-0276; Mike Jeldness, WUA, 360-683-4331

Project Status: Installation was completed Spring 2001, and measuring devices are fully functional.  Data generated from these stations is currently being managed by Ecology.



This project entitled equipping the five irrigation outtakes with real-time monitoring devices that measure flow and temperature.  The

data will assist the WUA in implementing the Trust Water Right

agreement with Department of Ecology.  Previous day’s data can be obtained from the Department of Ecology web page:




Seepage and Main-stem Aquifer Characterization


Contributors:  US Geological Survey (USGS), DOE

Contact:  Cynthia Nelson, DOE, 360-407-0276;

Bill Simonds, USGS, 253-428-3600 x2669

Project Status:  Preliminary results were presented to DRMT in October 2001.  Final report due in early 2002.


In 1999, the USGS began conducting a study of the Dungeness River flow and the shallow aquifer in the area.  Fieldwork was completed in Fall 2001. Objectives of the study include: to determine the

relationship between the Dungeness River and groundwater i.e. to determine where the water is being exchanged; to examine the effects of rain and snow on the exchange; and to provide estimates of streambed conductance.



Upper Dungeness Acquifer Study - Final Report: Relationship Between the Upper Dungeness River and the Bedrock Aquifer, Clallam County


Contributors:  DOE’s Environmental Assistance Program (EAP);

Contact:  Tom Gibbons, EAP, 360-407-6638

Project Status:  The project report was published December 2001 and is available at: http://www.ecy.wa.gov/biblio/0103027.html



A synoptic-flow (seepage run) study was conducted on the upper Dungeness River in September and October 2000, and a final

report was published December 2001.  The study reach is located between the Gray Wolf confluence (RM 15.9) and the upper

USGS stream gage site (RM 11.8).  The purpose of the study was

to assess the relationship between the upper Dungeness River and the underlying bedrock aquifer and to attain synoptic-flow data to

examine river gains and losses in the study reach.  A description

of the study area, methods, results, and recommendations are all included in the study publication. 





Project Name/Logistics

Project Description

Dungeness USFS Roads Decommissioning ~ 3.4 miles

(Fall 2000 SRFB Project)


Contributors:  Partnership with Clallam Conservation District (CCD) (SRFB grant sponsor), Pacific Coast Watershed Project, and Olympic National Forest (ONF). 

Contact:     Scott Hagerty, USFS, 360-765-2200; Joe Holtrop, CCD, 360-452-1912

Project Status:  Initiated. Decommission and repair planning/survey/design and contract awarded 2001. 

Implementation to begin July 2002.  Publication expected 2002-2003. 



Road decommissioning in 2001 consisted of removing culverts, unstable fill-slopes, ripping road surface, and outsloping segments.  Soil bioengineering techniques for soil stabilization will also be performed as a component of the project in 2002-2003.  The project will result in a total of approximately 3.4 miles of decommissioned roads, of which 0.4 miles will be converted to trail.  

Why is the decommissioning and stabilization separated? The Conservation District agreed to sponsor the SRFB proposal on the condition that in addition to decommissioning, repairs be made to existing roads in the area that will remain.


Dungeness Road Stabilization Project ~ 7.0 miles


Contributors:  75% USFS (including PCWD funds), 25% SRFB; Washington Conservation Corps (WCC); CCD is the sponsor for this Fall 2000 SRFB project.

Contact:  Scott Hagerty, USFS, 360-765-2200

Project Status:  Stabilization completed July-August 2001. 



Road drainage improvement and stabilization work was carried out to minimize road-related delivery of coarse/fine sediment inputs to anadromous spawning and rearing habitat in the Dungeness River.  These efforts will aid to protect salmon habitat and improve water quality.  Treatments included additional ditch relief culverts; armoring of inlets/outlets; fillslope pullback; ditch cleaning; spot road resurfacing near stream courses. 



Dungeness Watershed Analysis 2nd Iteration Contract


Contributors:  ONF

Contact:     Robin Stoddard, USFS, 360-956-2433

Project Status:  Contract for data collection - prepared August 2001.  Development of restoration opportunities is set for February-March 2002.  Analysis to be completed by March 2002.  Updated watershed analysis document to be completed summer 2002. 




This science-based analysis contract, initiated in 2001, will focus on the relationship of roads and slope stability with stream channel processes.  It will cover approximately 170 square miles and will consist primarily of federal lands in the upper portion of the Dungeness River watershed.  The core team will address aquatic and terrestrial issues, with emphasis on Threatened and Endangered species, anadromous fish stocks, aquatic habitat and water quality.  The team hopes to further science-based understanding of the watershed for the purpose of identifying restoration opportunities on lands within the analysis area.






Project Name/Logistics

Project Description


DePalma Floodplain Acquisition and Conservation Easement


Contributors:  Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW), Puget Consumer Cooperative Farmland Fund (PCCFF)

Contact:  Randy Johnson, WDFW, 360-417-3301

Project Status:  Pending.


The project is located within the northeastern section of the Dungeness floodplain, (adjacent to the east side of Towne Road, above the Schoolhouse Bridge and the Still property).  PCCFF acquired the entire 96 acres of this parcel.  WDFW obtained a purchase option for the northern 22 acres of the property.  Additionally, WDFW purchased a highly restrictive conservation easement on the remaining 74-acre portion, which will prohibit development practices and/or other activities that could potentially interfere with natural river processes.



Dungeness Riparian Habitat Restoration Program


Contributors:  North Olympic Land Trust (NOLT), Clallam County

Contact:  Eve Dixon, NOLT, 360-417-1815

Project Status:  Project began in 1997/1998 and has continued through 2001.  Easements are in perpetuity and NOLT bears the responsibility of monitoring and enforcement if necessary.



The North Olympic Land Trust completed acquisition of eight conservation easements on 103.5 acres, totaling over two miles of Dungeness riparian corridor.  The easements are designed to preserve critical habitat of the Dungeness River and its associated side channels and flood plain.  The easements are located within the entire lower river, encompassing the entire Gagnon side channel, reaching close to the mouth and to the upstream side of Kinkade Island. 


Phase 1: Dungeness Estuary and Lower River Restoration Grant Application Submittal


Contributors:  Clallam County, JSKT

Contact:  Cathy Lear, Clallam County, 360-417-2361

Project Status:  The SRFB Technical Panel review of the Rivers End and other projects is scheduled for February 14, 2002.  The Technical Panel will reveal their final decisions on funding allocation in March/April 2002.



A grant application was submitted to the Salmon Recovery Funding Board (SRFB) for a Phase I project to restore ecological processes within the lower Dungeness River and estuary.   The SRFB is the

state agency authorized to guide spending of funds targeted for

salmon recovery activities and projects.  The Dungeness project

entails property acquisition within the lower river floodplain,

removal of associated infrastructure, removal of 3,400 feet of dike,

and revegetation of the river’s riparian landscape.  The project was recommended as the highest priority project by the DRMT and the RRWG, and it ranked highest on the North Olympic Lead Entity’s 2001 project list.



Large Woody Debris (LWD) Restoration Project Monitoring


Contributors:   JSKT

Contact:  Byron Rot, JSKT,


Project Status:  In progress.








Monitoring of LWD structures, constructed from 1997 through 2000, continued at all restoration sites.  Objectives for the restoration projects were to add structure, stabilize banks, form pools, create complex flow patterns, and to generally facilitate improved habitat conditions for Dungeness River salmon.  Monitoring included annual photos and observations of jam function during high and low flows.  The 2000 Dawley side channel project, located at RM 6.6, received more intensive monitoring including: summer low flow cross-section surveys and photographs to monitor structural channel change through time; summer low flow and winter base flow juvenile surveys to determine community composition and density; and monitoring of planted riparian vegetation for mortality.



Bureau of Reclaimation (BOR) Study on the Geomorphology of the Lower Dungeness River


Contributors:  BOR (Lower Colorado River Office), JSKT

Contact:  Byron Rot, JSKT, 360-681-4615

Project Status:  Preliminary results presented to DRMT, DRRWG, and public in October 2001.  Final report due to Tribe early 2002.



In 1997, the BOR was asked by JSKT to complete a geomorph-ological investigation of the Dungeness River.  The overall study objective was to gain a better understanding of altered river process due to historical and current human activities occurring within the floodplain.  Specifically, the study team aimed to: describe the physical processes of the Dungeness river through geomorphic investigations; identify human impacts on the River’s natural processes; and develop predictions of future channel change and potential management options.  In October 2001, the BOR presented results of the study and proposed several important recommendations to the DRMT, the DRRWG, and the public.




Project Name/Logistics

Project Description


Formation of Clallam County Clean Water District


Contributors:   Clallam County

Contact:  Valerie Wilson, Clallam County, 360-417-2543;

Andy Brastad, Clallam County, 360-417-2415

Project Status:  District boundaries were set and corrective actions were identified in the Clean Water Strategy (described below).



A Clean Water District was formed by Clallam County in May 2001.  The initial impetus for initiating the District was in response to the Department of Health’s (DOH) closure of portions of Dungeness Bay to shellfish harvest due to fecal coliform contamination.  The scope of

the District has since broadened to include not only shellfish contamination problems, but all water quality problems.  Similarly,

the boundaries of the District have expanded to encompass the entire DRMT focus area, allowing for a watershed approach to addressing water quality issues.



Formation of Clean Water Workgroup


Contributors:   Clallam County, JSKT, CCD, Dungeness River Management Team (DRMT), DOH, DOE, PUD, City of Sequim, and Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge

Contact:  Valerie Wilson, Clallam County 360-417-2543;

Lyn Muench, JSKT, 360-681-4631

Project Status:  Implementation actions are ongoing; outreach tours and workshops were conducted in 2001 and are planned for 2002.       



Although participants began meeting in 1997, the Clean Water Workgoup officially formed in 2001.  The group’s role is to

implement activities recommended in the Clean Water Strategy (2000), which was formally adopted by the Board of Clallam County Commissioners (BOCCC) in May 2001.  The group reports directly to the BOCCC and also serves as a subcommittee to the DRMT.  


Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) Study


Contributors:  DOE,Clallam County, DOH, JSKT, others Contact:  Debbie Sargent, DOE, 360-407-6684        Project Status:  Two publications were produced in 2001:Dungeness River / Matriotti Creek TMDL Stud”y PreliminaryData Results for Nov 1999 - Oct 2000,” by Debbie Sargent, January 2001; and  “Dungeness River / Matriotti Creek Fecal Coliform Bacteria TMDL Study Streamflow Summary” by James Shedd, November 2001.  Public comment on final technical report set for April 2002.  Target date in early 2002 for setting load allocations.  JSKT continues to monitor water quality at Ecology-established TMDL stations.



In response to consistently degrading water quality in the Dungeness Bay over the last decade, and to the federal closure of the Bay to shellfish harvest, the Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe and DRMT

requested the assistance of the Washington Department of Ecology in monitoring water quality within the Dungeness River and Bay.  In water year 2000 (November 1999 through October 2000), the DOE proceeded by conducting a TMDL study for the purpose of

establishing new fecal coliform criteria and to facilitate restoration of water quality.  TMDL sample sites occur at various locations along

the Dungeness River and Matriotti Creek.  The report’s findings will

be used to set future TMDL load allocations. 


Circulation Study - Phase 1: Dungeness Bay Bathymetry, Circulation and Fecal Coloform Studies


Contributors:   JSKT; J.E. Jack Rensel, Ph.D. (Rensel Associates Aquatic Science Consultants), Thomas J. Smayda, P.E. (Smayda Environmental Associates, Inc.)

Contact:  Lyn Muench, JSKT, 360-681-4631; Shawn Hines, JSKT, 360-681-4664

Project Status:  Phase 2 fieldwork is currently under way.  Expected completion date: December 2002.



In response to the April 2000 closure of Dungeness Bay to

Shellfish harvest, and the subsequent formation of the Clean Water District and Clean Water Workgroup, the JSKT hired consultants to investigate water circulation and fecal coliform sources and losses within the Dungeness Bay.  Fieldwork included bathymetric mapping, circulation studies and water quality monitoring in May and October 2000.  The new data (water quality, marine fecal coliform concen-trations, bird abundance, river flow rates, tidal data) was analyzed along side previously-gathered data, which the consultants compiled from other sources.  The combined data will eventually be used by DOE to establish new fecal coliform criteria for the Dungeness River.  The analysis and its recommendations were completed August 2001.


All of the irrigation ditch piping projects that the Conservation District assisted with in 2001 were done primarily to improve/protect water quality.




Project Name/Logistics

Project Description


Dungeness River Audubon Center at Railroad Bridge Park


Contributors:  Partnership among JSKT, Rainshadow Natural Science Foundation, Olympic Peninsula Audubon Society, National Audubon Society

Contact:  Bob Boekelheide, Director, 360-683-4076

Project Status:  The Center is fully functional.  A capital campaign is under way for future funding for operation and expansion.


Construction of the Dungeness River Audubon Center at

Railroad Bridge Park was completed, and a full time Director/ Volunteer Coordinator was hired in September 2001.  The Grand Opening occurred on October 21, 2001.  The Center provides exhibit, classroom, and meeting space, and it includes computer facilities.  Formal and informal environmental education programs are also offered.  Additional information can be found on the Center’s website: http://www.dungenessrivercenter.org



Comprehensive List of Restoration Projects Completed and Ranked


Contributors:  DRMT Members

Contact:  Shawn Hines, JSKT, 360-681-4664

Project Status:  The DRMT intends to review and/or revise the project list on an annual basis.



The DRMT ranked/prioritized Dungeness Watershed Proposed Projects in March/April 2001.  The list, created by the DRMT, consists of 10 strategic elements, which include 41 potential activities.  Restoration of the Lower Floodplain and Delta ranked as the highest priority strategic element.  Potential activities within this strategic element ranked as follows: land acquisition (#1), schoolhouse bridge expansion (#2), and Army Corps of Engineer dike removal/setback (#3).
Chinook Captive Broodstock Tagging


Contributors:  WDFW, JSKT (Pacific Salmon Treaty/Bureau of Indian Affairs funding), local volunteers

Contact:  Scott Chitwood, JSKT, 360-681-4616

Project Status:  Annual tagging expected to continue through 2004.  A progress report on the Dungeness River Chinook Salmon Rebuilding Project (1993 - 1998) was complete January 2001 by WDFW and is available in the Jamestown Tribal Natural Resources Library.



The Chinook Captive Broodstock Program was initiated in 1992.  State, hatchery and tribal staff, along with volunteers, removed a portion of wild chinook eggs from their river nests, raised them in captivity until they were adults, spawned them and released the offspring back into the river.  The tagging program complements the broodstock program by enabling fisheries managers to track the success of Chinook stock restoration and recovery efforts.  In 2001, 400,000 juvenile Chinook were tagged.

Much of what the Conservation District did, including outreach and education activities, conservation planning with small-scale farmers and dairy farmers, and BMP implementation is not included in this report. Those accomplishments were listed in the CCD Annual Report of Accomplishments which I provided to you in January.